Neurological Associates

Pain Management Center

Vero Beach, Florida



H. Hooshmand, M.D.






( Epilepsy, Pain, MS) 

An International Referral Center dedicated to Treatment, Education and Research

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The Sympathetic Nerves

Henry Gray (18251861). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.

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The sympathetic nervous system innervates all the smooth muscles and the various glands of the body, and the striated muscle of the heart. The efferent sympathetic fibers which leave the central nervous system in connection with certain of the cranial and spinal nerves all end in sympathetic ganglia and are known as preganglionic fibers. From these ganglia postganglionic fibers arise and conduct impulses to the different organs. In addition, afferent or sensory fibers connect many of these structures with the central nervous system.

The right sympathetic chain and its connections with the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic plexuses. (After Schwalbe.) Anatomy Sketch Source:


The Nervous System - Groups of Nerves

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Your nervous system is composed of the central nervous system, the cranial nerves, and the peripheral nerves. The brain and spinal cord together form the central nervous system. The cranial nerves connect the brain to the head. The four groups of nerves that branch from the cervical, thoracic, lumbar, and sacral regions of the spinal cord are called the peripheral nerves. Anatomy Sketch Source:


The Human Parasympathetic Nervous System

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Peripheral Nervous System

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The Circulatory System

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Arteries & Veins of the Mid and Upper Body

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Veins of the Right Arm

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Veins of the Anterior & Posterior Leg

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Veins of the Head & Neck

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The Human Lymphatic System

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The Main Anterior Muscles of the Human Body

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The Main Posterior Muscles of the Human Body

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The Ankle

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Features of the Forearm & Hand

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The Human Skeleton

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The Human Brain

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The Human Eye

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The Human Ear

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Cross-Section of the Human Skin

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Respiratory System

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Upper Respiratory Tract

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Nervous System Organization

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Anatomy Sketches Source:

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Also please visit Human Anatomy Online at:


The material on the Neurological Associates Pain Management Center Homepage and all it's associated, linked or reference pages is for informational and education purposes. It is not meant to take the place of your physician. Before starting, changing, or stopping any treatments or medicines consult your physician. H. Hooshmand, M.D., Neurological Associates Pain Management Center and Associates will not be held liable for any damage or loss as a result of information provided on this page or associated documentation. Again, this WEB SITE is simply published as an information source and should not be used to treat or make judgments on RSD/CRPS. All associated material on this web site may not be copied, reproduced or quoted without expressed written permission from the owner; Copyright 1999-2014 H. Hooshmand, M.D.

Please note: This is the official Neurological Associates Pain Management Center Website. We are neither affiliated nor associated with any other website that use our name.

Web Site designed and maintained by:

Eric M. Phillips; E-mail:

This page was last updated on 9/10/2000.

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