THE FOUR PRINCIPLES OF
H. Hooshmand, M.D. and Eric M.
Neurological Associates Pain
Vero Beach, FL
Addiction is a hindrance in the long term treatment of complex regional
pain syndrome (CRPS) because addiction in itself
aggravates CRPS, causes stress in the sympathetic nervous system resulting
in more severe sympathetic dysfunction, and results in perpetual presence
of rebound (withdrawal) pain.
Descriptors. addiction, competition,
destruction, complex regional pain syndrome
(CRPS), rebound phenomenon, tolerance, withdrawal pain.